Gingivitis is a disease of the gum tissue that surrounds a tooth.

The primary cause of gingivitis is a lack of oral hygiene. A bio film of bacteria called dental plaque starts to accumulate on teeth, particularly on the gum line.

The bacterium in the biofilm releases toxins. The body reacts to the toxins by causing an inflammation of the gums. The gums bleed easily when touched and can omit a foul odour.

To help prevent gingivitis start by brushing at least twice daily to remove any plaque build-up. Daily flossing will also help remove any bacteria in between the teeth. Along with scheduled visits to your dentist you can prevent gingivitis from becoming a severe oral health issue.